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GLOSSARY OF TERMS:

Aspiration (breast):  The use of a fine needle and syringe to remove fluid or tissue microfragments from a breast lump.
Axillary:  Referring to under your arm (armpit).
Benign: Cells or tumors that are not cancerous or malignant.
Biopsy: The removal of cells or tissue for examination under a microscope to determine the diagnosis (benign or cancer).
Brachytherapy: Internal radiation treatment directly into the lumpectomy cavity.
Lumpectomy/Breast Conservation Thearpy:The surgical removal of a cancerous breast lump (tumor) and a small amount of normal tissue around the lump.
Lymph Node Dissection: Surgery to remove lymph nodes to check for cancer cells.
Lymphedema: Swelling in the arm caused by excess fluid that collects in tissue when the lymp nodes under the arm are removed or affected by surgery or radiation treatment.
Malignant:  Cells or tumors that are cancerous.
Mastectomy:  Surgical removal of a breast.
Radiation Therapy: High energy rays used to kill cancer cells.
Sentinel Node Biopsy: The first node that lymphatic fluid goes to after it leaves a part of the body, such as the breast.
Stage of Disease: A measure of the extent of cancer.  
Tumor:  An abnormal mass of tissue.  Can be benign or malignant.

BREAST CANCER STATISTICS:

  • One  in 8 women in the United States will be diagnosed with  breast cancer over the course of her lifetime.  
  • Breast Cancer is the second leading cause of death among women.
  • Each year it is estimated that over 252,710 women in the United States will be diagnosed with breast cancer and more than 40,500  will die.
  • A woman's risk of breast cancer approximately doubles if she has a first-degree relative (mother, sister, daughter) who has been diagnosed with breast cancer. 
  • About 20-30% of women diagnosed with breast cancer have a family history of breast cancer.
  • About 70-80% of breast cancers occur in women who have no family history of breast cancer. 
  • Although breast cancer in men is rare, it is estimated that each year, 2470 men will be diagnosed with breast cancer and approximately 460 will die.
  • Over 3.3 million breast cancer survivors are alive in the United States today             


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